Key Western powers mainly members of the United Nations are in talks over the Burundi Crisis and are expected to deliver their resolution on Friday 13th November 2015.
The countries are discussing on the possibility of deploying international peacekeepers to Burundi which has been rocked by violence since the declaration of Pierre Nkurunziza’s bid for an unconstitutional third term in office.
The UN and other Key powers in the west are set to release a resolution that is expected to allow the possibility of sending international peacekeeping troops in Burundi if the recent wave of violence and killings doesn’t stop.
The resolution is expected to be delivered on Friday November 13th when the meeting closes and is expected to give a guideline on away forward towards dealing with the likely plunging into full-throttle ethnic conflict in Burundi.
Burundi has been rocked by ethnically based violence and killings that were fueled by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s bid for a controversial third term in office in April. Since then, at least 240 people have been reported dead and tens of thousands have fled to neighboring countries.
There are two contingency options:
- Use the resources of the neighboring country mission MONUSCO which is stationed in DR Congo. MONUSCO has nearly 20,000 strong but would require a vote from the 15-member Security Council in accordance with UN Charter.
- The second alternative would be to send troops from the East African Standby Force which is force that is deployment to contributing countries as a contingency towards crises.
The EAF is the preferred option as a regional force is best placed to deal with the Burundi crisis rapidly and effectively attributed to the geopolitical placement as well as preparedness. Burundi’s ethnic conflict not only affects her but also directly or indirectly affects her neighbors like Rwanda that has a similar demographic composition as Burundi make the need to mitigate the conflict as soon as possible very crucial.