Event Summary As On 13th July 2015:
- Sudan masses troops on its border with South Sudan to secure oil facilities
- Sudan authorities confirm that the process of reinforcing Sudan’s border with South Sudan’s oil-rich Upper Nile and Unity states would take a few days.
Analysis of the Situation
There has been heavy fighting around South Sudan’s oil-rich Upper Nile and Unity states, both of which lie on the border with Sudan.
South Sudanese government has recently been at war with the rebel forces led by the country’s former vice president Riek Machar. The government only recently re-took the city of Malakal, capital of Upper Nile State from the forces.
Oil production in South Sudan has fallen dramatically due to repeated attacks by rebels on oilfields in Unity and Upper Nile states. As a result economy of Africa’s youngest nation has greatly deteriorated, making it unable to meet debts owed to Sudan government.
There thus hangs an imminent border disagreement between Sudan and South Sudan as the former makes advances on vital oil facilities in the war- torn country.